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DFEM Case studies:
- Dorza site in Vjosa river
- Ndroq site in Erzeni river
- Vau Dejes site in Drin river

Copyright 2007
Vjosa River Cascade Project - 360MW

CSE - Control Systems Engineer has prepared the keys of the project proposal for the
assessement of the potential hydro energetic of Vjosa river in the Southern part of Albania.
The potential sites for the building of the new runoff hydropower plans (with low dams) at
the Vjosa river are identified. The expected annual average power generation is estimated.
The effect of future climate change on the power generation is also assessed. The runoff
hydropower plants with low dams should desig from El.305m asl up to El.20m asl, including
Dorza HPP - 90MW with new configuration, preventing the regional natyre disasters and
flooding of the local regions. Vjosa river cascade will have a total capacity of 360MW and the
average annual generation of 1,75TWh: (min 1.5TWh - max 2.0TWh). All HPPs will be
connected to the DSO system 110kV, reducing the regional power losses, increasing the
power sustainability, landscape protection and creating the regional social development.

(CSE-Engineer - Project Feasibility Study on 2011-2014)

New Proposal for Renewable Energy Power Plants

CSE - Control Systems Engineer has prepared the feasibility study for the construction of the
new renewable energy power plants in Albania:

- Biofarm "Ramilli 04" - Durres biogas power plant 50kW,
- Tirana Municipal Landfill gas LFG power plant 10MW,
- Fieri PV photovoltaic power plant 10MW,
- Tepelena windfarm power plant 10MW,
- Murrash SHPP - 8MW
- Cuka SHPP - 3MW
- Prekal HPP - 15MW
- Renewable Energy Sources Capacity Assessment in Albania

(CSE-Engineer - SHPP Project Feasibility Studies)

New Hydromatrix Power Plants in Albania

Based on the propose, prefeasibility study & design prepared by CSE - Control Systems
Engineer, ANDRITZ VATECH Hydro had expressed the interest to construct a new
straflomatrix power plants at downstream of Drin River in Northern of Albania with a capacity
of 68MW and an annual power generation of 350GWh. On 30 September 2008 was signed the
Concession Contract between Verbund Austria & Albanian Government for the construction of
Ashta I & II hydropower plants with hydromatrix units, capacity 50MW and an annual energy
generation of 240GWh.

(CSE-Engineer - Project Concept & Feasibility on September 2006)

Discharge Flow Estimation Module - DFEM v4.1

CSE - Control Systems Engineer uses the original methodology for the assessement of the
potential hydro energetic of the river in Albania, using a discharge flow estimation module
(DFEM) that calculates the monthly discharge (surface and ground water) based on input
variables such as monthly precipitation, intensity and frequency of rainfall, snowfall, air
temperature and solar radiation as well as regional specific discharge. New release DFEM v4.1
is launched for estimation of the discharge water flow in Albanian ungauged river sites. In
this release are created and updated new data and formulas calculation for the catchment
discharge flow estimation of Q (m3/s) and modul q (l/s/km2), increasing the module's
performaces and the accuracy.

(CSE-Engineer - A discharge water flow module design for the calculation of the ungauged
river site flows on 2011)

Gonuy HPP - 250MW
New Hydro Power Plant in Danube

On February 2011, a new hydro power plant was proposed to be constucted in the next
profle of the Gabcikovo HPP in Slovakia, named Gonuy HPP with a capacity of 250MW and an
average annual generation of 1.2TWh.

(CSE-Engineer Project Proposal - TUWien Country Module on 2011)

Smart Grid Metering System

New Smart Metering System named Load Measurement System is proposed by CSE - Control
System Engineer to monitor and control remotely the electricity energy of the customers
based his prepayment and consumption status offering two methods:

The prepayment method: each consumer may be set up individually as pre-paid: the
consumer pays for the electricity before hand and thereafter consumes the electricity until
his paid balance reaches zero, where the system will then open the contactor in his Remote
Measurement Device (RMD) and he can consume no more;

The billing method: the consumer consumes the electricity for typically a month and then
at the end of the month, his total consumption is calculated and a bill is sent to him, which
he must then pay within 30 days otherwise the system will open the contactor in his RMD.
Considering the distribution system network conditions in Albania, Remote Measurement
Devices use the electronic meter (single & three phases) with mechanical indicator and it
measures the line voltage level from 100 to 240/380VAC with current range from 8 to 100A
(max 125A) at 50Hz. The system communication uses GPRS or Ethernet IP to transmit the
data measurement and the control signals. This system is a potential project pilot for
Albanian Distibution System Operator.

(CSE-Engineer - Project Proposal on 2016)

An European Flood Database: facilitating comprehensive flood
research beyond administrative boundaries

The current work addresses one of the key building blocks towards an improved
understanding of flood processes and associated changes in flood characteristics and regimes
in Europe: the development of a comprehensive, extensive European flood database. The
presented work results from ongoing cross-border research collaborations initiated with data
collection and joint interpretation in mind. A detailed account of the current state,
characteristics and spatial and temporal coverage of the European Flood Database, is
presented. More...

CSE Source 2016
Consulting in Renewable Energy Sources and Technology, Energy Efficiency and Smart Grid
Renewable Energy Sources Capacity Assessment in Albania

On May 2016, CSE has estimated the potencial, technical and practical capacity of
the renewable energy sources in Albania - RES Estimation in Albania on 2016.

Load Measurement System
Climate Change to Power Impact

Climate forecasters project an increase in droughts resulting from global warming
and changing in hydrology on 2050:

- large hydropower plants decrease by about 15%
- small hydropower plants decrease by around 20%
- thermal power plants decrease by about 1%
- solar power could increase by 5%

Climate Change 2050 Scenario, results that:

- reduction of the energy is to 3,785GWeh/y or 315ktoe/y
- reduction of the electric power to 793MWe/y
- increase the thermal power to 66MWt/y